- In 1995, Rosa Parks refused to move from her seat on a bus in Montgomery.
- In 1988, the World AIDS day was established. This day is used to honor loved ones who lost their lives to AIDS and show support and unity.
- Fidel Castro becomes the President of Cuba in 1976. He established the first communist state in the western hemisphere, which led him to become a revolutionary.
- In 1970, Richard Nixon successfully presented the EPA. The EPA outlined promises to met concerns about air and water quality.
- In 1818, Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.
- Eddie Bernice Johnson was born on this day in 1935. She is the first nurse to be elected to congress and currently serves on Texas’s 30th congressional district.
- In 1906, Cornell University opened it’s first fraternity for African American men. The founders of the fraternity are: Henry Arthur Callis, Charles Henry Chapman, Eugene Kinckle Jones, George Biddle Kelley, Nathaniel Allison Murray, Robert Harold Ogle, and Vertner Woodson Tandy.
- In 1969, two members of the Black Panther Party were killed. Their names were Fred Hampton and Mark Clark.
- In 1955, Rosa Parks were arrested and fined for her actions on December 1st.
- In 1901, Walt Disney was born. He went on a very successful businessman!
- In 1912 German archaeologist, Ludwig Borchardt, found the bust is of Nefertiti. Nefertiti was queen of Egypt and wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
- The 13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was ratified by 27 of 36 states in 1865.
- Born in 1859 Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo was the first Mexican- American senator.
- In 1941, Pearl Harbor was bombed. Soon after, many Japanese americans were put into internment camps.
- John Lennon was killed by a crazed fan in 1980.
- In 1943, Jim Morrison was born. He was a prominent singer and songwriter.
- In 1979, SmallPox was declared eradicated. This is the only official disease to be declared eradicated.
- In 1935, Student protests in Beiping (now Beijing)’s Tiananmen Square, dispersed by government
- Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison was born in 1805. He was influential in campaigning against slavery in the United States.
- In 1964, Martin Luther King receives Nobel peace prize for his social justice advocacy and work.
- In 1964, Sam Cooke (a prominent musician) was killed and details were suspicious.
- Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and final Apollo mission to land on the Moon in 1972.
- The famous singer, Frank Sinatra, was born in New Jersey in 1915.
- The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore in 2000. There was debate about Florida’s count but the court ruled in Bush’s favor.
- Jane Edna Hunter, an African-American social worker is born in 1882.
- In 1885, Annie Dale Biddle Andrews who was an American mathematician was born.
- Sadly, 20 elementary-aged children were killed along with 6 staff members in 2014 by a lone gunman.
- In 2020, CDC Gives Pfizer’s COVID-19 Vaccine Final Approval to be administered.
- In 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified through Viriginia’s vote.
- Sitting Bull was a Teton Dakota Native American chief. He died defending his land on the Standing Rock Reservation in 1890.
- MLK was arrested obstructing the sidewalk and parading without a permit following the Albany protest in 1961.
- In 1773, a protest in Boston, MA occurred for “taxation without representation”. The protest was called the Boston Tea Party.
- In 1903, the Wright Brothers flew the first powered controlled flight.
- Deborah Sampson was born in 1760. She disguised herself as a man to join the Patriot Forces during the American Revolution.
- The 13th amendment, after being ratified, was proclaimed in 1865.
- Japan became the 80th member of the United Nations in 1956.
- In 1875, Carter G. Woodson was born in Virginia. He founded “Negro History Week” and reimagined black studies.
- Bill Clinton was impeached for lying under oath to a federal grand jury and obstructing justice in 1998.
- A year after Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up, the Montgomery bus line was integrated in 1956 after the court ruling.
- In 1985, Pope John Paul II announces the institution of World Youth Day
- Actress and political activist, Jane Fonda, was born in 1937.
- The United Nations adopted the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in 1965.
- In 1973, the Menominee Tribe was restored federal recognition. Many Menominee leaders led the movement and fought for our sovereignty.
- The policy of “Don’t ask, don’t tell” was repealed in 2010 under Obama’s administration.
- The novel Emma by Jane Austen is first published in 1815.
- In 1926, Robert Bly was born. He is a poet and essayist. His is called the “father of the expressive men’s movement”.
- The domestic terrorist organization, the Ku Klux Klan, was formed in 1865.
- During World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace in 1942.
- In 1821 Clara Burton was born in Massachusetts. She was a teacher during the Civil War and gathered materials and supplies to support the troops. Later, she founded the American Red Cross.
- 1991 was the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Later, they declared they would establish a Commonwealth of Independent States.
- In 1966, the seven-day holiday was first celebrated under the direction of Maulana Karenga. She is the chair of Black Studies at California State University at Long Beach
- Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Cold War was officially over.
- In 1831, Charles Darwin left on the ship HMS Beagle from Plymouth, England.
- German astronomer, Johannes Kepler, was born in 1571. He discovered the three major laws of planetary motion.
- In 1856, Widrow Wilson was born in Virginia. He was the 28th president of the United States.
- In 1971, The U.S. Justice Department sues Mississippi officials. They were charged for ignoring the voting ballots of African Americans in that state.
- 150 Native Americans were killed by federal troops on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. AIM (American Indian Movement) protested for 71 day for reservation conditions.
- The Irish Free State was replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution in 1937.
- In 1842, Josiah Walls was born into slavery in Virginia. He was one of the first African American congressmen.
- Former President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, was executed in 2006.
- In 1869, Henry Matisse was born in northern France. He was a famous painter, known for his “fauvist” style.
- In 1909, Manhattan Bridge opens for traffic. Former Mayor McCellan was at the head of the procession on the new bridge.